• Eurasia Staff

Eurasia Research Quarterly Newsletter: SSHRA (October 2019- December 2019)

Updated: Jan 16, 2020


Social Science & Humanities Research Association (SSHRA)

Dear SSHRA Members,


Greetings and sincere thanks for your patronage and support. SSHRA has now grown to 17485 followers and members from 65 countries.


SSHRA List of Members


We are glad to present you our latest edition of the newsletter. The newsletter showcases the associations of current and upcoming endeavors.

Conferences Held:


SSHRA has successfully organized following International conferences in the period of October 2019- December 2019.


4th Dubai – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 07-08 October 2019

2nd Prague – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 15-16 October 2019

4th Bangkok – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 15-16 October 2019

4th Singapore – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 13-14 November 2019

5th Dubai – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 09-10 December 2019

Sydney – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 10-11 December 2019

3rd Bali – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 19-20 December 2019

5th Bangkok – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 21-22 December 2019

3rd Malaysia – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 27-28 December 2019

2019 – XXth International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), October 08-09, Dubai

2019 – XXII International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), Oct 16-17, Bangkok

2019 – XXIst International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), Oct 16-17, Prague

2019 – XXIII International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), November 14-15, Singapore

2019 – XXV International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), December 11-12, Sydney

2019 – XXIV International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), December 10-11, Dubai

2019 – XXVI International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), December 20-21, Bali

2019 – XXVII International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), December 22-23, Bangkok

2019 – XXVIII International Conference on Business, Economics, Law, Language & Psychology (ICBELLP), December 28-29, Kuala Lumpur


(SSHRA Upcoming Conferences)


We thank all the participants for their active participation in our Conferences. We thank all members, participants, and supporting organizations for making these conferences successful.


We will be glad to partner with your organization.

Please write to convener@eurasiaresearch.info  for assistance.


Job Openings


SSHRA is searching for talented and energetic conference coordinators (part-time) who are working/ studying at the following locations:


Dubai/Prague/Bangkok/Singapore/Sydney/ Bali/Kuala Lumpur


It's a golden opportunity to be a part of our global team, to interact and associate with International academicians, display your leadership and organizing skills and earn handsome honorarium.


All interested and eligible candidates are requested to contact us with their CV, Photograph, Cover Letter on convener@eurasiaresearch.info


Eurasia Research International Conference began with opening remarks by Honourable Keynote speaker highlighting the main context on Teaching Issues. The main aim of this conference was:

  • Advancement of Research and Innovative ideas through conference, workshops, seminars, and publications

  • Fostering a global community based on research and knowledge

  • Fostering innovation and ideas through research-based activities

  • Global dissemination of ideas and research through the use of technology

  • Working towards world peace and community development

Our worthy Keynote speakers open up the conference enlightening participants with their speech. Here is the list of keynote speakers who participated in our conference:


Dr. Smitha Dev, Assistant Professor of Psychology, Psychology Course Coordinator, University College, Abu Dhabi University, UAE
Balasescu Simona, Marketing, Tourism Services, International Business, Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania
Assoc. Prof. Marek Matejun, Department of Entrepreneurship and Industrial Policy, Faculty of Management, University of Lodz, Poland
Ana Sofia Saldanha, Translator (English and Spanish into Portuguese), Lecturer, Mentor (Member of the EMCC and Associate Board Member IMA), Lisbon, Portugal
Chong Ho Yu, Psychology, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, USA
Prof. Dr. Song Yan, Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology and Methods, Jacobs University Bremen, Germany
Tamar Mchedlishvili, Art History and Theory, Faculty of Humanities, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia
Patama Satawedin, Assistant Professor, Bangkok University, Thailand
Sita Yiemkuntitavorn, Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, Sukhothai Thammathir, Open University, Thailand
The Huy Le Hoang, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Louvain, Belgium
Dr Anna Czyż, PhD, Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Faculty of Education, Institute of Special Needs Education
Dr. Sachin Gupta, Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
Anna Gagat-Matuła, PhD, Doctor of Social Science in Pedagogy, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Faculty of Education, Institute of Special Needs Education, Poland
Seetha Sagaran, Personal Development Trainer, Motivational Speaker, Lifestyle Consultant, Dubai, UAE
Jose Palmeira, Ph.D. in Political Science and International Relations, University of Minho, Portugal

Agnieszka Ilendo, Milewska Director of the Faculty of Psychology at the Private University of Pedagogy Bialystok, Poland

Terrelle Hegarty, PhD Candidate, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Weronika Wojturska, Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Muhammad Awais, Assistant Professor (Finance), Management Sciences, Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan
Sarojini Naidoo Department of Social Work, Faculty of Humanities, University of Johannesburg, South Africa

Saralah Devi Mariamdaran Chethiyar, School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, University Utara Malaysia (UUM), Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Arthur McNeill, Department of Global Citizenship and Languages, Webster University Thailand

Kenneth Lee, Professor, Asian Religions, California State University, Los Angeles, California

Prof. Dr. Noor Hanim Rahmat, Deputy Dean Research, Publication, Linkages, Industry, Community and Alumni Akademi Pengajian Bahasa (Academy of Language Studies), Universiti Teknologi MARA, (UiTM) Malaysia

Siow Hui Sian Jamie, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Putra, Malaysia

Dr Rajendra Parsad Gunputh, Professor, Law, University of Mauritius, Mauritius

Dr. Ahmed H. A. Dabwan, Senior Lecturer, Head of Chemical and Polymer Innovation, Technology Cluster, Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology, TATI University College, Malaysia

Eurasia Research makes continuous efforts in transforming the lives of people around the world through education, application of research & innovative ideas. In order to Promote Young Researchers, Eurasia Research International conferences, Provides Young Research Scholarship in the form of a full Registration fee waiver to participate in such events. This gives immense encouragement to the researchers who have brilliant ideas to exhibit their research work on the International platform. Eurasia Research aims for promoting research and talent of scholars by giving the scholarship to 5 selected applicants for each conference.


In order to Promote Young Researchers, Eurasia Research International conferences, Provides Young Research Scholarship in the form of a full Registration fee waiver to participate in such events.


Here is our List of Young Research Scholars who participated in our conference:


Name of delegate: Manuchar Guntsadze

Affiliation: Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (Ph.D. Student), Georgia

Paper Title: The first period of anti-government activities in the Shida Kartli Highlands, Georgia

Abstract: Research of the conflict is a very sensitive issue but very actual in the Georgian case. The aim of this paper is to discuss some moments of problem connected to the so-called "South Ossetia". More specifically, its initial period.

This conflict emerged at the period of the First Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918-1921. During this time there were 3 facts of Anti-governmental activities from Ossetian Bolsheviks (in 1918, 1919 and 1920). Studying this conflict is getting more popularity from the 90-ies of the 20th century when conflict renewed and Georgia gained independence from the Soviet Union. After this time a huge number of scientific articles and books were published concerning those conflicts.

Keywords: Caucasus, Georgian modern history, Conflicts, so-called "South Ossetia".



Name of delegate: Anju Unny

Affiliation: Ph.D. Student, St. Xavier’s College for Women, Aluva M.G University, Kerala, India, University of Delhi, India

Paper Title: Disability and Marginalisation: Politics and Public Policy Making in India

Abstract: Disability is not an impairment that needs to be cured but the construct of specific socio-cultural settings that creates an atmosphere of social exclusion and marginalization. The World Health Organisation (WHO, 1980) states that “disability is not just a health problem, but it is a complex phenomenon reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which she or he lives.”[i] Disability is a socially, culturally and politically constructed and experienced universal phenomenon. Disabled people even today remain as helpless subjects who are dependent on able-bodied people for their survival and existence. Disabled people remain as subaltern people at the periphery of the lives of normal people.

[i] WHO (1980) International Classification of Impairment, Disabilities, and Handicaps, Published in accordance with resolution WHA29.35 of the Twenty-ninth World Health Assembly, May 1975


Name of delegate: Anushka

Affiliation: University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UGC, NAAC Approved), Dehradun, India

Paper Title: The Criminalization of Marital Rape in India: A Distant Dream

Abstract: As per Indian Penal Code, 1860 (Sec.375) “Rape” is an offense whereby a man has sexual intercourse with a woman without her consent or when the consent is obtained through fraud, deceitful means or when the woman is of unsound mind or intoxicated. On one side where this section protects the women by providing strong punishment which would act as a deterrence, on the other hand, the same section explicitly removes “Marital Rape” from the ambit of it and does not define it as rape, making women nothing but helpless sufferers at the hands of their spouses. Rape is a clear violation of human rights and the relationship between the sufferer and the perpetrator cannot be used as a defense in cases of rape under any circumstance. The argument that the Honorable Court puts forth is that criminalizing marital rape would destabilize the institution of marriage, this shows the presence of innate social misogyny present in our society which has led to exploitation of women at different stages of life. The exception clause of Sec. 375[i] is very evidently giving an upper hand to the husband and constant consent to sexual intercourse to which the wife has no option but to submit. This article is an attempt to expose the shortcomings and fallacies in the criminal justice system of India with regard to marital rape.

Keywords: Marital Rape, Human Rights, Injustice, consent, sexual intercourse

[i] Indian Penal Code sec.375, No.45 of 1860


Name of delegate: Kamal Tasiu Abdullahi

Affiliation: Postgraduate Studies, International Economics, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey

Paper Title: The Roles Played By Small and Medium Scale Industries on the Development of the Economy of Kano State (A Case Study of Tailoring Services in Fagge Local Government Area)

Abstract: The study was essentially designed to study the roles played by Small and medium scale industries on the development of the economy of Kano state (A case study of tailoring services in Fagge local government area. The study explored information through a series of deep researches and surveys. To carry out this research, primary data was used and a survey was conducted by the use of the questionnaire to obtain an accurate result in the area of study. The analytical tool employed is the use of a percentage. 50 questionnaires were distributed. On the analysis of data gathered it has shown that more than 50 percent of those that were questioned are of the opinion that SMEs especially tailoring services have a positive effect on the development of the economy Kano State. In line with the above, this research study is of the view that the Kano State government should support SMEs in several ways on which is to assist them through the means of grants or loans to overcome funding problems and to also supply electricity to enable them to run their businesses smoothly.

Keywords: SMEs, economic development, employment generation, Kano state


Name of delegate: Nila Febri Wilujeng

Affiliation: Department of Defense Diplomacy, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor, Indonesia

Paper Title: Examining ASEAN Our Eyes Dealing With Regional Context

Abstract: ASEAN currently contends with the global context emerging dynamically which brings about multidimensional challenges and threats. Dealing with these circumstances, ASEAN member states strengthen its capacity by enhancing regional cooperation and strategic information exchange among ASEAN member states so-called ASEAN Our Eyes. This initiative adopted for the sake of forestalling any possible threat posed by terrorism, radicalism, and violent extremism through timely strategic information exchange among ASEAN member states. This study will be analyzed with Regional Security Complex and International Cooperation theories to examine ASEAN Our Eyes based on its Terms of Reference (TOR). By using a qualitative method, the result of this study portrays that ASEAN Our Eyes is able to undermine the gaps in the realm of strategic information exchange in monitoring the movement of foreign terrorist fighters, violent extremists, radicals, and crime-terror nexus. However, it remains premature as a strategic measure to encounter those threats in the upcoming years.

Keywords :

Regional Cooperation; Counter-terrorism; ASEAN Our Eyes; Strategic Information Exchange


Name of delegate: Anita

Affiliation: Research Scholar, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Science, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Paper Title: Violation of Child Right’s: Challenges Faced by The Street Children in Delhi

Abstract: The issue of street children in Delhi is of serious concern in terms of the number of children and their living condition. An estimated 50,923 street children live on the streets of Delhi (Save the Children, 2011). Among all the vulnerable section of children, street children come under the most deprived and neglected one and are in need of care and protection. Street children are living on street in a vulnerable condition without adequate food, education, health care and housing even though they are most visible on the street.

Objectives and Methodology: The first objective of the study is to overview the condition and situation of street children in Delhi. The second objective is to understand the challenges faced by the street children. The study is based on the primary survey. A total of 110 children are selected from 11 districts of Delhi. Self-structured questionnaires for children and NGOs have been used to study the socio-economic condition and challenges of street children. Analysis has been done through anthropometric measurement, cross-tabulations and logistic regression.

Conclusion: Street children are living in a poor situation in Delhi. They faced challenges in every aspect from basic amenities to health and education. Street children are far from fundamental rights such as the right to education, right to health etc. High drop-out, among street children is a big challenge. They are enrolled in school by the NGOs and social workers but poverty, discrimination either by teachers or students ts, lack,of interest of children and unwillingness of parents forced them to leave school. Most of the children had poor nutritional status. Street children are living at a high risk of exploitation and abuse in terms of physical, economic, verbal and sexual exploitation. Many children refrain themselves from substances such as whitener, tire tube glue, alcohol but the social environment of the street made them vulnerable to do so.

Keyword: Street Children, Child Right, Health, Education, Substance Abuse


In each, Eurasia Research Conference, the best paper award is given to the best researches. In Social Science and Humanities Research Association (SSHRA), the Best paper award is given to the participants with the best scholarly paper submitted and presented at the conference.


Name of delegate: Neacsu Nicoleta Andreea

Affiliation: Marketing, Tourism-Services and International Affairs, Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania

Paper Title: Educational Marketing Strategies on the Market of Higher Education Services

Abstract: Constrained by the present competitive environment, the state higher education institutions in Romania are aware of the increasing importance and weight of the interest in the services they offer and, consequently, they want to address the needs and expectations of the possible beneficiaries. The direction and adaptation of every educational institution to the demand of the labor market, by determining the needs and interests of education consumers and, implicitly, of the society, are based on educational marketing strategies devised in the medium and long term. Considered as experience exchanges, the present study aims at two interest areas of the student mobility: on the one hand, the interests and benefits which Romanian students (outgoing students) have through their integration in groups of foreign students and the adaptation to different education systems, the benefits of the foreign students who come to Romanian universities (incoming students) and subsequently promote, through their experience, our country, town and university, and, on the other hand, our institution’s use of the experience of these interactions (the possibility to enhance its visibility by turning incoming and outgoing students into promoters of the programs of study, faculty and university attended. In a global world, multiculturalism plays a paramount role in people’s development. Favorable to the period of academic studies, this opening process towards other cultures and systems (with respect to education, politics, administration) offers its beneficiaries elements connected to their self-development, personality shaping, self-knowledge, integration in and understanding of the world. Thus, Romanian universities exhibit an increasing interest in mobility programs, due to the diverse experiences involved and to the adjacent advertising (training or internship diplomas or certificates, language certificates). On the other hand, many students in Europe and not only find the educational offers of our universities appealing.

The present article mainly aims at identifying the core aspects which have influenced the Romanian and foreign students’ decision to apply for mobility and the impact the mobility opportunities have had on the promotion of the universities they belong to, as a marketing technique. In this respect, the authors have conducted a qualitative exploratory empirical research study. As part of it, students from several university centers have been interviewed, the findings allowing us to establish the extent to which the respondents appreciate the types of mobility the universities offer at present, the extent to which they succeed in meeting their expectations and the way mobility programs are promoted by universities. The research is based on the semi-structured in-depth interview.

Based on the findings, the authors recommend the management of Romanian universities should develop strategies to promote educational mobility which should offer more information and which should succeed in better communicating the advantages to students.

Keywords: Educational marketing, Higher education, Marketing research, Strategy


Name of delegate: Kabaso Kabwe

Affiliation: Department of Political Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa

Paper Title: Assessing the utility of Kingdon’s multiple streams framework for studying policy implementation: a case of mobile hospitals, Zambia

Abstract: The question of whether the multiple streams framework can be applied to analyze other stages of the policy process beyond agenda-setting such as implementation has been widely debated in the field of policy studies. Most of the studies have applied the framework to study policy implementation have mainly used it to analyze implementation from the perspective of the policy implementation gap. This research, on the other hand, aimed to apply the framework to assess its utility for furthering our understanding of policy implementation, using mobile hospitals in Lusaka Province, Zambia as a case. Access to health care services for all is one of the main challenges facing the Zambian health system. Mobile hospitals were thus introduced in 2011 to help address inequities in accessing health care. Through qualitative methodology and using observation, key informant in-depth interviews and a review of several secondary sources, the study sought to answer the main question “what is the value of Kingdon’s multiple streams framework for studying policy implementation?” The study found that the framework helps to further our understanding of policy implementation by helping us to see what implementation looks like in a developing country context characterized by a centralised authority. It shows how a top policymaker like the president affects implementation by being able to use institutions to further his ideas, despite resistance from various non-state actors whose influence is constrained by the politics and power dynamics. The study concludes that the framework brings valuable insights for implementation studies as well as contributes to highlighting the role that institutions play in facilitating implementation.

Keywords: Health Policy; Institutions; Lusaka


Name of delegate: Ikuno Fujii

Affiliation: World Heritage Studies & World Cultural Heritage Studies, Doctoral course of Comprehensive Human Sciences, The University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

Paper Title: A study on the influence of modifications to international programs in a region – focusing on the UNESCO Global Geopark program in international and Japanese contexts

Abstract: This study attempts to clarify how international discussions related UNESCO Global Geoparks were reflected in the geopark program in Japan by examining movements and discussions of international and regional organizations that took roles for the establishment of geopark initiatives, focusing up to 2015 when UNESCO officially launched the program. The process up to the establishment of UNESCO Global Geopark was divided into four stages including “geopark random activity period” which various international organizations committed its own “geopark activities”, and followed to “geopark integration period” which those activities integrated as one geopark program under UNESCO and all of them happened in less than 20 years.

In Japan, geologists started a domestic geopark program influenced by the international geopark movements. The time when they started and expanded geopark activities in Japan happened parallel to the “geopark random activity period” in international society. As a result, the geopark system in Japan resulted in emphasizing geological features compared to UNESCO Global Geoparks in terms of its evaluation and management even though Japan Geopark Committee takes efforts to aim for the holistic geopark implementation in accordance with UNESCO Global Geoparks policy. This conclusion suggests regional confusion due to the fact that geopark as an international program changed its framework within a short period.

Keywords: Geopark, UGGs, geological heritage, SDGs, international and regional organizations


Name of delegate: Katarzyna Banasik

Affiliation: Chair of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, Administration and International Relations, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University, Krakow, Poland

Paper Title: Criminal-law protection of cultural property in Poland – terminological issues

Abstract: The author examines legal regulations in force in Poland regarding cultural property. She focuses on regulations concerning criminal-law protection of cultural property. The author begins by analyzing the 1972 Paris Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, ratified by Poland in 1976. Then, she examines the regulations of the Constitution, the Penal Code, the Code of Misdemeanours and the Protection and Preservation of Cultural Relics Act. She founds out that these legal acts operate with various terms. The Convention operates with the term “cultural heritage” and “natural heritage”. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland provides two terms: “cultural heritage” and “cultural property”. The provisions in the Penal Code dealing with felonies against property contain the terms “property of significant cultural value” and “a thing having the significant cultural value”, while the chapter entitled “Crimes against peace, humanity and war crimes” features the term “cultural property”. The Protection and Preservation of Cultural Relics Act, also containing criminal-law regulations, employ the term “cultural relic”. The author concludes that a variety of terms regarding cultural property results in terminological chaos, which does not make it easy to appropriately classify an offense against cultural property.

Keywords: Polish law, the 1972 Paris Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, cultural property, the property of significant cultural value, cultural relics, cultural heritage.


Name of delegate: Reshma N C Shah

Affiliation: Social Sciences Research Division, Rivers Education Foundation, Guwahati, India

Paper Title: Learning Politeness through teacher-pupil interaction in a budget preschool

Abstract: In the budget preschool that caters to the lower middle class, most children come from a low level of proficiency in English. Their only exposure to English is in preschool. The quality of teacher-pupil interaction determines the proficiency of the preschooler when learning polite linguistic behavior.

This paper studies teacher-pupil interaction patterns in a budget preschool in the suburbs of an Indian city. Day-to-day interactions both in and out of the classroom environment within the school hours were observed to identify interaction patterns with special reference to how preschoolers learn polite behavior in English.

Politeness in the classroom is usually taught through greeting, asking for permission or saying ‘Please’, ‘Excuse Me’, ‘Sorry‘ or Thank you’. Polite linguistic behavior in interactions was observed to understand how preschoolers pick up key polite terms.

Observations show that children need to be prompted to use polite words as part of their proficiency in English. The language they communicate at home is different (first language) from the language in which they get their preschool education (second language). Preschoolers pick up polite words based on the frequency of interaction that uses these terms. Teachers should provide appropriate contexts for use in the classroom and outside. Teachers employ strategies such as code-mixing and code-switching to communicate instructions for activities and other tasks. Common day-to-day interactions such as greeting, following activity-related instructions, answering questions and providing feedback were observed to identify interaction strategies that encouraged politeness in English.

Keywords: classroom discourse, bilingual kindergarten, early childhood education, code-switching, code-mixing, politeness strategies, second language acquisition, interaction patterns, polite behavior


Name of delegate: Roland Attila Csizmazia

Affiliation: Academy of Advanced Studies, Glocal Education Center, Kwangwoon University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Paper Title: Facilitating Crowdfunding in Singapore and South Korea: Comparative Analysis of Supporting SMEs and Startups

Abstract: The idea of crowdfunding has rapidly gained momentum, as private investors have been looking for solutions to compensate for the diminishing interest rates on their investments in bonds and bank savings deposits. The regulators of crowdfunding had to identify the interests of stakeholders, not only to facilitate their access to such capital but also to protect investors against total loss and to create a framework for platforms (the intermediary between fund receivers and providers). Transparency had to be increased for investors, and it was necessary to take measures against potential money laundering in the system. The research is based on comparative analysis. It seeks to ascertain if and to what extent the regulatory regimes in South Korea and Singapore are patterned upon the regimes that the more developed and experienced countries created for the purpose of crowdfunding. It intends to analyze the development and application of crowdfunding regulations and opportunities in Singapore and South Korea, and to identify the similarities and differences between these two innovation-driven countries. Finally, it endeavors to answer the question of whether crowdfunding may become a potential source for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in these countries, with particular respect to startups devoid of the financial resources needed for growth and for the commercialization of new products and services.

Keywords: small and medium enterprises (SME), startups, crowdfunding, economy policy


Name of delegate: Paulyne Joanne Pascual

Affiliation: Humanities and Social Science, Faculty, Department of Education, Senior High School, Manila, Philippines

Paper Title: Humanities and Social Science, Faculty, Department of Education, Senior High School, Manila, Philippines

Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the human rights education practices of teachers and students among public secondary schools in Division City Schools of Manila in terms of curriculum, learning environment and students’ participation. After assessing this, a proposed sustainability plan was formulated.

This study used cluster sampling in the selection of school participants, purposive sampling for teachers and random sampling techniques for students as respondents in gathering data and information needed for the study and collecting data among public secondary schools in Division City Schools in Manila.

This study found out that students and teachers often practiced human rights education in terms of curriculum, learning environment and students’ participation. It is evidently manifested in their answers in the interview.

Through T-test of independent means, it was revealed that there is a significant difference on the assessment of the teachers and students in human rights education practices because the assessment showed that there are specific sub-indicators in curriculum, learning environment and students’ participation that teachers and students have different levels of interpretation.

Furthermore, it was revealed that the school must sustain their practices in Human Rights Education. A proposed sustainability plan was formulated based on the findings of the study.

Based on foregoing findings, the following were hereby recommended: (1) The Division City Schools of Manila must adopt the sustainability plan in order to empower teachers and students through the suggested actions and activities in the plan. (2) The Department of Education shall hold benchmarking activities with other countries that have better human rights education practices so that they will acquire significant insights on how to sustain the existing good practices and improve those that need essential improvement in the schools in the country and (3) Future studies similar to the present study should be conducted with larger respondents in other divisions and regions to validate its findings and results.


Name of delegate: Aanchal Jha

Affiliation: School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Ahmedabad, India

Paper Title: Analysing Business Women Biographies: The Dressmaker of Khair Khana and Indra Nooyi: A Biography

Abstract: Regardless of the considerable measure of basic work that has been done on gender, women and their professional life, we are still not able to completely eradicate the problem. Women have not been able to make their place in the patriarchal workforce. In spite of the fact that we have made some amazing progress from the beginning of time by achieving the privilege to work and vote, there is as yet an undeniable sexism vulnerability that waits inside the work environment. After so many feminist theories, ideas, and books helping women to succeed, they are still suffering silently. Along with their professional life focusing on biography as a genre would help us look at their lives and to learn from their experiences. The dressmaker of Khair Khana tells this implausible story of an entrepreneur who kept her family alive during a difficult time in Afghanistan, by being the sole earner for her family and after all this time being a woman. Analysing Indra Nooyi, an Indian-American businesswoman, juggled her roles of being a housewife, businesswoman, and mother. She shares her experiences of being an immigrant from another country, a person of color and a woman. Both women make us realize yet again that the glass ceiling exists and it is both fragile and transparent so one could easily break through it and make one’s own way through the patriarchal workforce. In this research paper, there is a humble attempt to analyze biographies written by two women belonging to different origins and cultures. The researcher will analyze their lifestyle and career along with analyzing biography as a genre. Through this study, the researcher will try to find a new perspective to know more about their culture, era, background, and difficulties that women face in today’s time along with some different sets of ideas.

Keywords: Biography, Businesswoman, Women from different cultures, Woman and workplace problems, surviving in patriarchal workforce.


Name of delegate: Ijeoma Chidiebere Samuel

Affiliation: Department of French, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria

Paper Title: Language & Literature as Panacea for Cultural Realignment; the Case of French

Abstract: The contributions of a language and its literature cannot be over-emphasized in any given society. Based on this fact, this paper tends to re-awaken the cultural values of our people (Africa) from oblivion and the Francophone Africans cannot be left out in this move. The roles of the Modern European languages like; English and French inherited by Africa should be better appreciated in this regard. That is also one of the interests of the research. The study affirms that the arrival of the French language and its literature in the francophone African world imprinted a lot of cultural (literary and linguistic) values in the continent. This in no small way has given our francophone brothers a common cultural inclination and effected a total overhaul of their society. Obviously, the positivity that accompanied the arrival of the French language and culture into Africa is accentuated in this study. The paper, therefore, concludes that the contact Africa had with European Cultural values has added more meaning to the existing African Culture (linguistic and literary) and catapulted the continent to a height that needs to be appreciated.

Keywords: language, literature, overhaul, culture


Name of delegate: Sumedha Ganjoo

Affiliation: School of Law, Bennett University, Noida, India

Paper Title: Right to be Forgotten: Privacy and Cyberspace

Abstract: The rule of privacy is encapsulated with the phrase “Right to be Left Alone”[1]. Social media turned this concept on its head and revolutionized the “Right to share all with the world”. Every action may not have an opposite reaction and the boomerang effect to this is “free flow of personal information,” a picture, video or even a message once set out to the online universe, cannot be retracted. In many instances, these titbits, came back to haunt through social media. These instances led to the inception of the “Right to be Forgotten” movement.

Social media proves to be a more vengeful reaper than any law enforcement could envisage, in such instances of indiscretion. Henceforth, European Union(“EU”) decided to codify this right, also mentioned in 2012 Report carried out in full in the final approved document- “General Data Protection Regulation” or “GDPR (Regulation (EU) 2016/679). Interestingly when India is grappling with deciding on whether privacy is a fundamental right, the EU goes one step further to declare in the recitals to the GDPR “The protection of natural persons in relation to the processing of personal data is a fundamental right”. As a natural progression therefrom, the GDPR reproduces the intent for the introduction of the “Right to be Forgotten”. Article 17 of GDPR sets out the detailed provisions for the same. The said provision gives the right to data subjects, not just to the erasure of personal data concerning them but to expeditiously erasure “without undue delay”.

In India as well, the draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018, has a section on the Right to be Forgotten. But the proposed bill does not provide the right to erasure. The bill has not yet been discussed in parliament and therefore, therefore the paper would assess its viability and suggest relevant changes.


Name of delegate: Octavian-Dragomir JORA

Affiliation: Associate Professor, Ph.D., The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, The Faculty of International Business and Economics, Romania

Paper Title: Outer Space Incentives and Home Planet Institutions: Teleology, Thymology, Technology and Tractology in Cosmic Affairs

Abstract: The conception of “economy” and “economics” implies the existence of a societal structure and of an inhabited space, devoted to the production, distribution, and consumption of goods/services. Human beings, as “homines oeconomici” (and “zoa Politika” too), concur to the unfolding of behavioral and geographical boundaries that, far from immutable, are, however, institutionalized. These (either spontaneously-emerging or thoroughly-designed) social structures and spatial infrastructures generate comfort zones in the otherwise conflicting universe of resource scarcity. In spite of inter-nationally/cross-jurisdictionally compatibilization, fueling or being fueled by the interplay of incentives, social institutions remain tributary to traditional territorial representation. This paper raises some questions that ignite once this terrestrial perspective is shifted towards the “economy and economics of the cosmic space”. Could a mere extrapolation of the mainstream earthly rationales and recipes be used in the governance of the outer space? Or should it be so? Starting from the “teleological” nature of human action (that is un-determinable mechanically, yet highly sensitive to institutional incentives) as well as surveying “thymological” features (historical/idiosyncratic background conditions), we’ll try to address two punctual conundrums: (1) is there a hiatus between the technological progress and the pace of outer space conquest?; (2) are the ongoing international treaties facilitators or deterrents in preparing it to be conquered?

Keywords: extraplanetary resources; industrial science; international agreements; ownership rights; state sovereignty


Name of delegate: Bandula Nambukara Gamage

Affiliation: Study Group Australia, Charles Sturt University, Australia

Paper Title: Ethics in Accounting Practices and its Influence on Business Performance

Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate and identify the importance of ethics in accounting practices and whether ethical accounting practices has any influence on the overall business performance and to create a guideline to encourage accounting professionals to understand and adopt ethical practices.

Studies have shown that businesses with higher ethical commitment are engaged in less earning management, have higher market valuation and are supposed to have higher corporate financial performance (Ghazali, 2015). In contrast, unethical accounting practices such as changing accounting figures to make profits look better in the income statement, not recording expenses into appropriate time period, recording inventories at higher values and falsification of lease assets can not only misrepresent organisational financial status but can also become a threat to its existence (Buell, 2009). Several cross-cultural research has found that cultural differences can extensively impact on ethical decision-making in the accounting industry (Li and Persons; Su, Kan and Yang; Ho; Ho and Lin cited in Anderson, 2014). Culture forms the foundations for an individual’s ethical behaviour and determines what is ethical and what is consider as unethical (Venezia, 2004). Researches has indicated that females are tend to have higher levels of ethical behaviours compare to males (Barnett & Brown; Borkowski & Ugras; Burton et al.; Grasso & Kaplan; Persons; Shaub; Thorne cited in Holmes et al., 2012). Similarly, O’Leary and Radich (2001). Furnhan and Deile (2010 cite original Article -55) with a sample of 381 graduates and undergraduate students in the United States and the United Kingdom, aged between 19 to 50+ found a positive correlation between high work ethics and religion beliefs.

The data used in this study was collected from the relevant literature. The portals’ filters were used to identify the relevant literature to the research. The sample was chosen based upon four themes including influence of ethical accounting practices on culture, gender, religion and impact on business performance.

This study revealed that culture does not necessarily influence on ethical behaviour and decision-making of accounting professionals. It was found a positive relation between the religion beliefs and ethical decision-making process. The finding of this research does not clearly points out the influence of ethical accounting practices and its influence on the overall business performance. Also, this research has bring into being some partial connections which indicates that unethical accounting practices and fraudulent activities can become a threat to the business existence.

Keywords - Ethics, Business performance, Accounting practices, Decision-making process


Name of delegate: Raditya Herpramudita

Affiliation: Faculty of Law, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Paper Title: Legal Protection of Indonesian Video Jockey Creative Work

Abstract: The trend of Visual Jockey (VJ) profession in live music appearances is increasingly rife in the modern era. Within real-time image manipulation through technology, VJs are able to translate the music through pictures, thus creating its own visual experience for the audience. However, because the platform used by VJs is mainly digital, the possibility of copyright infringement is certainly very vulnerable. In Indonesia, VJs have been used by many major music event makers such as the Djakarta Warehouse Project and We The Fest. Thus, aspects of copyright protection for VJs works become relevant as the increasing role of technology in creative art. Even so, there has been no research that reviews the copyright protection of VJs work. Therefore, this study aims to review aspects of legal protection for the copyright works of Video Jockey in Indonesia based on Law No. 28 of 2014 concerning Copyright. This paper examines and analyzes the norms within the Regulation with a combination of empirical and normative approaches. First, this paper found that the video produced by a VJ is determined as a Creative Work under Law 28/2014, therefore the Creator derived the video exclusive and economic rights. Second, Indonesian VJ generally still didn’t register their Creative Work under Directorate General of Intellectual Property. Although VJs are not obliged to register their creation, a registered Creative Work can be used as strong proof in case of a dispute. In conclusion, this paper suggests that Indonesian VJ should register their Creative Work to establish legal protection to their video. In addition, we also suggest the government, mainly the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy and Directorate General of Intellectual Property to conduct socialization in the VJ community.

Keywords: Intellectual Property Law, Copyright Law, Visual Jockey


Name of delegate: Bennabhaktula Lavanya

Affiliation: Department of History, University College of Arts and Social Sciences, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India

Paper Title: Women in South Asian History an analysis of Indian Miniature Paintings 16th to 18th century, A.D.

Abstract: The craft of history-writing has been changing fast with new methodologies, inter-disciplinary fusion, and new analytical methods. There has also been a renewed interest in capturing life and perceptions of prominent yet marginalized groups such as women in the history of any given time and society. The proposed research paper, “Women in South Asian History –An analysis of Indian Miniature Paintings - 16th to 18th century, A.D.’’ is an attempt in this direction as it scans the life of women as depicted in the miniature paintings along with the popular perceptions in which they were viewed. The objectives of the paper include throwing light on the history of women of medieval India by analyzing hitherto untapped sources such as miniatures, reconstructing concepts and priorities looking at women’s interests, concerns, experiences, and achievements. Another objective is to bring out importance of miniature art and it’s relation to various historical processes. It also aims at empirically establishing miniature paintings as important source material for reconstructing histhe tory so they could bridge the gaps in the much-neglected area of women’s history. The research methodology adopted for the paper is based on primary sources like the miniature paintings housed in various museums across India. Appropriate use of secondary sources has also been made. The research outcomes of the study appear significant and path-breaking. An analysis of the miniatures shows that the women in the period under study functioned in diverse roles and themes with associated perceptions of sensuality, spirituality, royalty amidst notions of domination and subordination. The findings of the paper will stimulate a new analysis of the history of South East Asia which has an unparalleled historical and cultural heritage in particular and history of art in general. As India and South East Asia share much common culture, it creates opportunities for academic collaboration.

Keywords: Women, History, Miniature Paintings, South Asia, Roles, Representation


Name of delegate: Waratch Thananant

Affiliation: Department of Political Science, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand

Paper Title: Evaluation of the Renminbi Internationalization: Strategy and Prospects

Abstract: Internationalizing a currency has global repercussions, as the world is interconnected through international trade linkages. Without strict boundaries, due to an extent of capital account liberalization, the rise of China brings upon a question of whether the emergence of the renminbi will affect the global monetary system and if so, to which degree. An understanding of the path towards currency internationalization through the use of different theories from the international political economy of monetary relations and various datasets is critical.

This study investigates the current state of the renminbi, evaluate currency internationalization prospects utilizing from historical narratives, and examine the underlying motivation and policy rationale under the world of greater multipolarity of international currencies. Building upon existing conceptual frameworks, the study found that the introduction of the renminbi internationalization since 1999 goes along a very long-term pursuance, in line with geopolitical initiatives (Belt and Road Initiative or abbreviated as BRI) and accommodative international financial institutions (IFIs) (such as the New Development Bank and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank). In addition to the analysis of the key factors, an important factor in internationalizing any given currency is the liberalization of the capital account – supporting the argument that internal domestic and structural reforms must be in a good state first before appreciative pressure comes along to the currency following greater adoption. One implication from this study is that the renminbi internationalization may not reduce such internal domestic structural imbalances, thus it is at great importance to manage prudently the amount of reserves while preventing the renminbi exchange rate from overheating.

Future research is recommended to monitor and assess long-term geopolitical initiatives, especially the Belt and Road Initiative, Chinese-led IFIs, as well as central banking monetary relations (such as Bilateral Swap Arrangements or BSAs). In this regard, any disbursement or collateralization jointly conducted by a Chinese-led 2

partner may need to be paid attention to the degree of denomination of renminbi being applied, as means of internationalizing the currency. Lastly, the presence of the strategy itself being unclear and inexplicit shows the utmost perseverance of Chinese authorities to wait for the right timing – following a famous Chinese proverb: “cross the river by feeling the stones”. Among the generic theories used in this research, the paper places importance in two theories. Firstly, Petrodollar Mercantilism as to prop up the value of a currency by denominating all oil exports in US dollar. Secondly, Economic Realism as to achieve influence and state power, mirroring the BRI geographically. Hence, a new term is proposed to reflect the degree between internationalization and regionalization as “Renminbi Continentalization”.

Keywords: Belt and Road Initiative, Currency Internationalization, Dollar Hegemony, Petrodollar, Renminbi Internationalization

Name of delegate: Chayachon Photip

Affiliation: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Suratthani Rajabhat University, Thailand

Paper Title: The Study into the Problems and Ways of Development of PINYIN-Consonant Pronunciation for Sophomores of

Suratthani Rajabhat University

Abstract: The reason why this research was done was the discovery of the problem related to the Subject of CHN0106 on the PINYIN-Constant pronunciation skill of the second-year students in the field of the Chinese Language, Suratthani Rajabhat University, with the objective to study into the problems and to find ways of developing the clear and correct pronunciation of PINYIN Constant. The researcher determined the samples who were 32 second-year students whose major is the Chinese Language. Tools used in the research were questionnaire and test for the constant pronunciation. According to the test, it was found that there were errors made by the samples as follows: 1) the affricate sound including q, z, c, ch, zh, 2) fricative sound including x, sh, r, 3) lateral sound including r. In this research, data were analyzed by using the Theory of S.P Corder to analyze the error. According to the research, it was found that the key factors that affected the samples’ pronunciation of constant and vowel were 1) the influence from the mother-tongue language and the local language was the cause of unclarity and error, 2) failure to truly understand the rules on the pronunciation of phonetic alphabet of the Chinese Language, 3) the fact that in the Thai Language, there is not any sound that can be compared with that of the Chinese Language, thus causing error in the pronunciation of the students, 4) the difference between the structure of pronunciation of the Thai Language and the Chinese Language. Besides, the researcher presented several ways for the development of pronunciation as guideline to be applied in the Mandarin phonetic alphabet instruction classroom to be more efficient.

Keywords: Error analysis, Mandarin phonetic alphabet consonants, ways for the development

Name of delegate: Wan Nor Hazlina Wan Hassan

Affiliation: Learning Innovation, Institut Teknologi Petroleum Petronas (Instep), Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

Paper Title: Develop Job Ready Technical Talents in the Energy Industry

Abstract: Developing Job Ready Technical Talents for the Energy Industry The progression in the industrial revolution in the early 21st century has resulted in technological changes and impacted industries. In the current economic scenario, the energy industries are emphasizing pace in their day-to-day operation and operational efficiency, which can be achieved with the availability of highly skilled technical talents. As a technical training provider for the energy industry, careful curation of the learning and development programmes are required to accelerate learning, develop job ready technical talents, as well as to remain competitive in providing technical training. Incorporating many different approaches and techniques are vital to engage learners of diverse backgrounds with varied learning styles to create meaningful learning experience, boost learning ability and improve performance. This presentation is to describe the efficacy of blended learning combining different learning approaches, mainly (1) self-learning utilising a range of eLearning modes, from passive interaction (videos and infographics) to full interaction (AR and VR), to provide learners with opportunity to gain ‘real life’ experience in safe, hazard free virtual setting whilst leveraging the power of repetition, (2) face-to-face, be it physical or virtual classroom sessions, to address learner specific issues related to fundamental knowledge, (3) collaborative learning, which allows learners to work in collaboration on scenariobased tasks, case studies, and troubleshooting activities to challenge the minds while enhancing critical thinking, troubleshooting, and interpersonal skills, and (4) experiential learning provides learners with opportunities to put learning into practice through on-the-job application at the workshops and life Upstream and Downstream Training Plant (UDTP). This blended learning approach illustrates the need for learners’ engagement in various activities to accelerate learning, build skills and develop competencies to ensure job ready technical talents for the high risk energy industry.

Keywords: progressive solutions partner, self-learning, experiential learning, accelerating learning, job ready workforce.


Name of delegate: Merrisa Octora

Affiliation: Sociology Department, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Palangka Raya University, Central Kalimantan,

Indonesia

Paper Title: Pahewan as the Local Knowledge of Dayaknese In Central Kalimantan

Abstract: Central Kalimantan is widely known with the great potential of natural resources scattered from every regencies. The original belief of Dayaknese in Central Kalimantan was Kaharingan is well known with the term “Agama Helu” which have a great connection with human and nature. Most of area of Central Kalimantan still covered with the thick forest and cultivation areas of local people until the early of 1990. Nevertheless the development changed rapidly with the significan growth of economic and the existency of palm oil plantation, logging company and mining sector since 1993. Directly it will cause major effects toward the society and environment neither the positive impact nor the negative. However, the tradition and belief still embedded in the Dayaknese by implementing traditional rules and local knowledge toward the massive change. In this writing the writer will focus on the local knowledge of Pahewan. Pahewan according to the Dayaknese is belived as a forbidden areaof forest which can not be entered by people in general with certain activities because this area is considered as a holy place with spirits inside (Gana). Here, the writer focuses on several Pahewan which are still remained in Central Kalimantan such as Pahewan Tabalien, and Pahewan Lunuk with different types of characteristic for each Pahewan which is considered as a highly value of conservation area.

The qualitative method is used in this research. The main data found from the field observation and interview from the local people. The wide area of each Pahewan is different, for example Pahewan Tabalien is around 500 Ha and the main vegetation is iron wood (Tabalien) and Pahewan Lunuk is around 300 Ha with various type of timbers. The concept of Pahewan Tabalien and Pahewan Lunuk have associated with the sustainable livelihood in the Dayaknese covered by myth and folklore and also supported by the symbol of Batang Garing, Dayaknese’ old proverb “Ingat Peteh Tatu Hiang Petak Danum Akan Kalunen Harian Andau.

Keywords:Pahewan, Dayaknese, Highly Value of Conservation Area, Sustainable Livelihood


Name of delegate: Karntera Srimanote

Affiliation: International Relations, Political Science, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand

Paper Title: International Policy Aspects associated with sugar tax policy: in the case of Thailand

Abstract: The study on the excise sugar tax on SSB in Thailand proved that well-intended international policy does not always result a well-intended outcome for every country as its differences are explained under the ‘Country-Specific Characteristic.’ Introducing the excise sugar tax policy rooted out from the fact that there has been a drastic increased of diabetes rate in Thailand, and projected to grow. However, the sugar tax policy on SSB doesn’t answer the question as sugar consumption in soft drinks are not as much as compared to other substitutes or foods. Negatively, it created more burden toward the Thai sugar farmers who also has been impact by the government’s immediate decision in settling the WTO dispute, along with the EU and Brazil that claimed that Thailand has been subsidizing the Thai sugar industry under its 70:30 payment scheme. Hence, the government decided to end the payment scheme, and to ease the tension between Brazil and the EU, Thailand liberated the Thai sugar price to float accordingly with the global sugar price - which has been continuously decreasing. Thailand’s decision had been explained through the theory of Institutional Isomorphism and Structuralism, of why Thailand acted the way they did, and what could Thailand do instead.

Keywords: Sugar tax policy, Thailand, International relations, Institutional Isomorphism, Structuralism, Country-Specific characteristics, International system.


Name of delegate: Mysha Maliha

Affiliation: Bangladesh University of Professionals, Mirpur Cantonment, Bangladesh

Paper Title: Impact of Financial Inclusion on SME Entrepreneurs in Bangladesh

Abstract: It is already proved that there is paramount importance of financial inclusion for enhancing the welfare of an economy as well as reducing income inequality by providing access to efficient financial services to the masses. Financial inclusion is a significant issue in Bangladesh as the majority of the population especially women, farmers and poor people who are excluded from these basic financial services such as credit, insurance, and payment services etc. According to the Bangladesh Bank report, Bangladesh views small and medium enterprises (SMEs) important in terms of inclusive growth strategy as they account for almost 40% of the overall employment and around 80% of the industrial jobs in the country. Hence, this paper aims at identifying the impacts of financial inclusion on the SME entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. To conduct this research, 206 respondent entrepreneurs were chosen from those who initiated their own SMEs businesses. A structured questionnaire with 5 points Likert scale was used to collect primary data from the SME entrepreneurs. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analyzing the data. Multivariate analysis technique like factor analysis, multiple regression analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were performed to identify the impacts of financial inclusions on the SMEs in Bangladesh. The study finds that mobile financial services play a vital role to facilitate the SME entrepreneurs. Factors such as, transaction security, easy tracking of monetary transaction affect positively on SME entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. Result shows that entrepreneurs having poor educational background face difficulties to operate technologies concerning financial inclusion. The research brings an important insight regarding why financial intermediaries prefer providing services to the established urban companies rather than the rising SMEs. It also raises the awareness on how much benefits a developing country like Bangladesh can get by promoting financial inclusion for the smaller enterprises and the disadvantaged business entrepreneurs in the country.

Keywords: Financial Inclusion, Small and Medium Enterprises, Mobile Financial Service, Easy

Tracking of Monetary Transactions


Name of delegate: Zeba Samiha

Affiliation: Bangladesh University of Professionals, Mirpur Cantonment, Bangladesh

Paper Title: Impact of Financial Inclusion on SME Entrepreneurs in Bangladesh

Abstract: It is already proved that there is paramount importance of financial inclusion for enhancing the welfare of an economy as well as reducing income inequality by providing access to efficient financial services to the masses. Financial inclusion is a significant issue in Bangladesh as the majority of the population especially women, farmers and poor people who are excluded from these basic financial services such as credit, insurance, and payment services etc. According to the Bangladesh Bank report, Bangladesh views small and medium enterprises (SMEs) important in terms of inclusive growth strategy as they account for almost 40% of the overall employment and around 80% of the industrial jobs in the country. Hence, this paper aims at identifying the impacts of financial inclusion on the SME entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. To conduct this research, 206 respondent entrepreneurs were chosen from those who initiated their own SMEs businesses. A structured questionnaire with 5 points Likert scale was used to collect primary data from the SME entrepreneurs. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analyzing the data. Multivariate analysis technique like factor analysis, multiple regression analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were performed to identify the impacts of financial inclusions on the SMEs in Bangladesh. The study finds that mobile financial services play a vital role to facilitate the SME entrepreneurs. Factors such as, transaction security, easy tracking of monetary transaction affect positively on SME entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. Result shows that entrepreneurs having poor educational background face difficulties to operate technologies concerning financial inclusion. The research brings an important insight regarding why financial intermediaries prefer providing services to the established urban companies rather than the rising SMEs. It also raises the awareness on how much benefits a developing country like Bangladesh can get by promoting financial inclusion for the smaller enterprises and the disadvantaged business entrepreneurs in the country.

Keywords: Financial Inclusion, Small and Medium Enterprises, Mobile Financial Service, Easy

Tracking of Monetary Transactions


Name of delegate: Alimen Sencil

Affiliation: Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Southern

Mindanao, Kabacan, Cotabato, Philippines

Paper Title: Participation of Maguindanaon Moro Community in Alternative Learning System Management

Abstract: The study entitled, “Participation of Maguindanaon Moro Community in Alternative Learning System Management”, was conducted to analyze ALS implementation in the Maguindanaon community using the lens of participation based on local context; and, eventually to recommend participation approaches and strategies in program management that are appropriate especially to the community. Results of the study show that the stakeholders, particularly the Maguindanaon community members, did not participate regularly in the program because of the following reasons: (1) the strong influence of the Islamic religious group on other community sectors to support only a purely culture-based program management; (2) the DepEd’s unprepared turnover of the program to the Municipal LGU’s which resulted in the latter’s limited technical and financial assistance to the program; and (3) the scarce human and financial resources of the District DepEd which resulted in limited program campaign, inadequate support for the contextualization of ALS learning modules and insufficient training programs for community members.

Cognizance to the foregoing findings, the grassroots stakeholders should collaboratively design a participation system founded on the following arrangements: 91) harmony of program operation policies and strategies with the cultural beliefs and practices of the community; (2) assumption of roles by the stakeholders based on their individual interest and capacity; (2) enhancement of the stakeholders’ skills to ensure effective and efficient performance of their roles in the program; (3) institutionalization of a convergence system that will promote complementation among stakeholders during the management process; (4) establishment of participation conditions that will stir up program implementation; and (5) institutionalization of local initiatives for fund-sourcing and human resource augmentation to ensure program sustainability.


Name of delegate: Alish Roy

Affiliation: Ph.D. Scholar, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Paper Title: Employees Right with a Special Reference to Outsourced Employees

Abstract: India is one of the members of WTO. Hence foreign players are also investing in India for business. There is a cut throat competition in the global market for the business survival. In order to survive one investor has to reduce the cost of production. Hence, the viable model is only outsourcing the activities like perennial as well core.

Outsourcing“someone is in the payroll of someone but working for someone else”

The reasons for outsourcing from the investor’s point of view – Less cost to company as well as skilled and trained outsourced employees are available. Hence, the company can concentrate in its own core activity.

It is a known fact outsourced employees are exploited. Hence, they are protected by the various labour legislations which provides how much to pay, when to pay, who shall take care of the social security and other benefits.

Research objectives: The outsourced employees are the last line of workforce and are immensely exploited by the contractor as well as the principal employer. Hence, this research will provide a guideline to the management and the executive authorities to eliminate such exploitation.

Methodology: Empirical as well as theoretical

Findings: whether the outsourced employee’s rights are well protected under the law? Whether the employer is respecting the rights of the outsourced employee? Even though the law is there to protect the rights of the outsourced employees but it has not complied by the employer and the executives are also not implementing any rigor punishment.

Research outcome: The outsourced employees are exploited by the contractor as well as the principal employer.

Future scope: The service conditions of the outsourced employees are not protected in any organization including Govt. organization.

Keywords: Outsourced employees, exploitation and prevention, Outsourcing.

Name of delegate: Yoke Lian Lau

Affiliation: Center for the Promotion of Knowledge and Language Learning, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia

Paper Title: The History Development of the study of Broca’s Aphasia

Abstract: Broca’s aphasia is a type of aphasia named after the French surgeon Broca. Broca’s aphasic patients are difficulty in speaking, but they are able to understand both the spoken and written language. There were three important patients in the history development of the study of Broca’s aphasia. Louis Victor Leborgne(1809-1861) was also known as “Monsieur Leborgne” or “Tan” as he only can speak out the syllable of “Tan” in his 21 years of illness. The second patient was called Lazare Lelong. His language was slightly better than Leborgne. He can speak out five simple syllables, such as oui(yes),none(no),toistrois(three). The third patients were Gage. He was a worker of a railway company. Broca collected similar cases after the next few years and come out with a brain function localization theory.

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