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Newsletter: SSHRA (July- September 2022)

Dear SSHRA Members,

We offer our sincere thanks for your patronage and support. SSHRA has now grown to 14762 followers and members from 58 countries.

Social Science and Humanities Research Association (SSHRA) is an international community of researchers, practitioners, students, and educationists for the development and spread of ideas in the field of social sciences and humanities.

SSHRA is promoted by Eurasia Research. SSHRA aims to bring together worldwide researchers and professionals, encourage intellectual development and create opportunities for networking and collaboration. These objectives are achieved through academic networking, meetings, conferences, workshops, projects, research publications, academic awards, and scholarships.

The driving force behind this association is its diverse members and advisory board, who provide inspiration, ideas, efforts and drive collaborations. Scholars, Researchers, Professionals are invited to become a member of SSHRA and join this ever-growing network, working for benefit of society and research with the spirit of sharing and mutual growth.

Salient Features:

  • 15000 + and growing network of professionals

  • Professional and Experienced team

  • Conferences in Asia, Europe & Africa

  • Events at reputed institutes and grand venues

  • Life-time free membership

  • Strong Social Media Platform for networking

  • Young Researcher Scholarships

  • Research publication in international journals

SSHRA invites academicians, practitioners, professionals, students, and researchers to join as Life-Time members.

Individuals/ Institutions/ Corporates can become a member by submitting the membership fee and filling the Membership Form given below.

Key Highlights and Benefits:

  • SSHRA members enjoy benefits that are essential to career and academic success.

  • Life-Time Membership

  • 10,000+ Members from across the globe

  • Effective networking through social media platforms and International Conferences

  • Membership is the starting point to participate in SSHRA conferences and to join as a domain expert, reviewer, and conference committee member

  • Member’s name and affiliation is announced on the Association’s website

  • Members can mention their membership on their Resume, Profiles and for other academic and professional purposes

  • Publication opportunity in our Best in class Journals and Magazines

  • Access to new research information and latest trends through our content and network

  • Leadership position opportunities in SSHRA

Life-Time Membership Fee: USD 60

We are glad to present you with our latest edition of the newsletter. The newsletter showcases the associations of current and upcoming endeavors.

Our worthy Keynote speakers open up the conference enlightening participants with their speeches. Here is the list of keynote speakers who participated in our conferences:

Eurasia Research International Conference begins with opening remarks by the honorable Keynote speaker highlighting the main context on Social Sciences and Humanities.

Dr. Ogbeibu Samuel

Discipline Lead - Bachelor of Commerce (Management and Human Resource Management) Program, Leader - R&D Training and Development

Dr. Ogbeibu Samuel is a Lecturer in International Business and Strategic Management in the Faculty of Management, Law and Social Sciences, of the University of Bradford, United Kingdom (UK). He holds a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree from the Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman(UTAR), Malaysia, and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Wales (Prifysgol Cymru), Cardiff, UK. His research focus is on creativity, innovation, human resource management, environmental sustainability, leadership, and business research methods. Dr Samuel Ogbeibu is a global winner of the 2019 EMERALD LITERATI AWARDS FOR EXCELLENCE for the highly commended article award. He made it into the list of "4 finalists" of the research and engagement ‘business, society and communities - early career researcher award 2021 for all Curtin University global campuses (Australia, Dubai, Malaysia, Mauritius, Singapore), and also won the Curtin University Malaysia Best Early Career Researcher Award 2021 (male category). He has published in and is a reviewer panel member for top-tier journals such as the Journal of Cleaner Production, Business Strategy and the Environment, Journal of Business Research, Computers and Education, Current Psychology, Knowledge Management Research & Practice and others.

Associate Professor Csizmazia Roland Attila Associate Professor Academy of Advanced Studies, Glocal Education Center, Kwangwoon University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Csizmazia (Lee) earned his M.Sc. in Management of Information Systems and Management of Production from Vienna University of Economics and Business (Austria, Europe). He studied Korean language and culture at YKLS between 2010 and 2012. He is a dual citizen and speaks also Korean fluently. He is an Assoc. Professor of Academy of Advanced Studies, Glocal Education Center, Kwangwoon University, Seoul since 2012. Besides teaching, he assists foreign students at the university. Since 2019 he also prepares Korean students in a bilingual way for their internship mainly in the USA within the frames of the k-move project, which is run by the government. He is currently a phd student at the Faculty of Industrial Management Engineering of Korea University, Seoul. His research focuses on higher education, knowledge-driven economies, designing policies for SMEs and startup and for logistics.

Assoc. Prof. Marek Matejun, Ph.D., D.Sc.

Department of Entrepreneurship and Industrial Policy, Faculty of Management, University of Lodz, Matejki 22/26, PL-90‑237, Lodz, Poland

Marek Matejun is an Associate Professor in the Department of Entrepreneurship and Industrial Policy at the Faculty of Management, University of Lodz, Poland. He received his Ph.D. in 2006 and D.Sc. (Habilitation) in 2016, both scientific degrees in management sciences. His research interests focus on entrepreneurship and small business management, modern concepts and methods of management, strategic management as well as a research methodology in management sciences. He specializes in the exploration and exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities in small business development, taking up business activity, and entrepreneurial education. He is the author or co-author of over 180 scientific publications. He has participated in many Polish and international research projects and also in research visits to universities in Finland (2019), China (2017), the United Kingdom (2016), Belgium (2013), and Czech Republic (2013). He is editor-in-chief in the PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences (India) and an associate editor in the World Journal of Management (Australia), University Scientific Notes (Ukraine) and Journal of Economics & Management (Poland). He closely cooperates with Eurasia Research and holds the position of the President of Social Science and Humanities Research Association (India). He is also a member of the Academy of Management (USA), European Association of Methodology (Germany) and the Polish Economic Society (Poland). He gave many keynote speeches at international conferences, e.g. in Singapore (2022), Paris (2021, 2017), Tokyo (2020), London (2020, 2019), Prague (2019) and Venice (2019). For his research activity he has earned many Polish and international scientific award.

Assoc. Prof. Katalin Liptak

Ph.D. in Economics, Dr.Iur, Associate Professor, Head of the Department, Vice-Dean, University of Miskolc

Katalin graduated in Economist at the University of Miskolc, Faculty of Economics in 2008 and she graduated in Law at the University of Miskolc, Faculty of Law in 2015. Her research topic is the labour market, especially in the Central-Eastern-European region. She defended her PhD dissertation in 2013, the title was: “Impact of the globalization on regional labour markets – convergence or divergence”. Katalin is an associate professor, vice-dean of the University of Miskolc, Faculty of Economics and head of the department of Labour Market and Employment Policy. The essence of her professional interest is how changed the labour market and the expectations of employees. She is a member of the Hungarian Regional Science Association till 2008. She is editor-in-chief of the Socialis Series in Social Science journal and a member of the editorial board of Tér és Társadalom journal.

Navidreza Ahadi PhD, Full-time Lecturer, Researcher, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang Business School, Bangkok, Thailand

Navidreza Ahadi has served at various national and international conferences and workshops as a keynote speaker and conference chair. He is currently a full-time lecturer at KMITL Business School and part of program committees for BBA in entrepreneurship. His research interests include organization performance, mineral mining, and management, smart jewelry, and technology management. A young ambitious professional with a passion for teaching, research, technology management and business analysis. His broad range of experience in academic and corporate shaped him to be able to work in a multicultural environment driven by continuous learning and persevering in global short and long-term objectives. He has been based in South East Asia for the past 14 years. A strong believer in teamwork, learner by nature and as we live in the era of digital transformation, he believes in business transforming and sustaining and improving through innovative technologies. He is proficient in Quantitative Analysis for Management, Introduction to Business Finance, Introduction to Marketing, Introduction to 21 Century Citizenship, Information System and Management and Cross-Cultural Management.

Dr. Mohd Norazmi bin Nordin

Center for the Study of Education and Community Welfare, Faculty of Education, - The National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Mohd Norazmi bin Nordin holds a doctor of philosophy (PhD) degree in special education leadership. Former academic teacher at Batu Pahat Special Education School, Johor, Malaysia. Successfully completed PhD studies within two years. Currently working as a special education lecturer at the Center for the Study of Education and Community Wellbeing, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (The National University of Malaysia). He is also the founder of SKAF-Style Quick Thesis Writing Techniques which has greatly helped undergraduate and doctoral students in completing their theses. Receive invitations from various universities in and outside Malaysia as speakers and keynote speakers for international conferences and seminars. He is also Editor in Chief of a special education journal and as an editorial board in five international journals.)

Nicole Sonobe

Vice Director, Department of Health and Nutrition, International Exchange Center, Nishikyushu University, Japan

Nicole Sonobe is the vice director of the International Exchange Organization at Nishikyushu University, Japan. In addition, she is a lecturer in the Department of Health and Nutritional Sciences. She is currently researching foreign language education focusing on plurilingualism, multilingualism, and bilingualism to promote language acquisition for EFL learners. Her work includes overseeing study abroad short-term and long-term programs/exchanges, as well as supporting exchange students and international students studying on campus. Her work extends into the community where she is active in projects involving international youth exchange, global understanding, and multiculturalism. Recent grants include a Japanese Government grant for Rural Education challenges in France.

Ma Victoria C. Magayon, Ed.D

Researcher-Author-Curriculum Writer-STEM Teacher-Professorial Lecturer-Formator

Dr. Ma. Victoria Castillo- Magayon is a formator (volunteer in supplementary values formation classes in public school) under the Great Lighthouse foundation, a professorial lecturer (masteral and doctorate classes), author of journal articles (authored journal articles are indexed in Google Scholar, Mendeley, ResearchGate, and Academia) such as Learning Mathematics and Differentiated Instruction in the Philippines: (1) Learning mathematics and differentiated instruction in the Philippines: A Phenomenographical study on struggles and successes of grade 7 students, (2) A Phenomenographical Study on Struggles and Successes of Grade 7 Students; (3) Expectation vs. Reality: A Sentiment Analysis of Students’ Experience on Distance Learning, (4) The road Less Taken: Differentiated Instruction as Practice by Grade 7 Teachers in the Philippines, (5) Supplementary values saturation program among students in the Philippines: Students’ stance and value, (6) Technology adaptation of teachers and students under the learning continuity plan: A case of one school in the Philippines, (7) Grade 7 mathematics textbooks differentiation in the Philippines: Illusion or reality?, and many more; a book author such as Organization and Management for senior high school under Kleafs Publishing House; and a peer reviewer of international journal articles (multidisciplinary and ISI journals-Publons). She is also a discussant of various topics both local (school-based in-set training and seminars) and in the international forum as a keynote speaker at 26th International Conference on Teaching, Education and Learning (ICTEL) Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Executive Centre, Singapore (2017); online keynote speaker in 7th Singapore – International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (ICSSH), 03-04 November 2020; 9th Singapore - International Conference on Social Science (2021); and 11th Singapore International Conference on Social Science & Humanities (June 24, 2022). She is a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Mathematics (Philippine Normal University, Manila- 1991), Master of Arts in Education major in Educational Management (University of Rizal System, 2006), and Doctor of Education major in Curriculum and Instruction (University of Santo Tomas, 2017). At present she is a faculty (Science and Technology Engineering and Mathematics Department) teaching Practical Research 1-2 and Capstone Inquiries and Capstone Immersion and other related subjects; and a Guidance Designate of Taytay Senior High School, Division of Rizal. She is a regional Learning Resource evaluator in Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP) since 2017 engagement such as in 2021 a conformance reviewer of Homeroom Guidance Program Module (Q3 G1-3) regional level; and in 2020, as a learning resource calibrator and conformance reviewer in ESP (G1-10) in the division of Rizal. Currently approved as an associate member of the National Research Council of the Philippines (Division 1).

Seetha Sagaran

Personal Development Trainer, Lifestyle Consultant, Motivational Speaker, Mentor, UAE

Seetha Sagaran is a Personal Development Trainer, Lifestyle Consultant and Motivational Speaker with a background in English, Psychology, Counselling (including Crisis & Trauma Counselling, (U.K), Hypnotherapy, Metaphor Therapy and Teaching Children with Special Needs (U.K). She is also a Licensed Practitioner of Neuro-linguistic Programming (N.L.P) from The Society of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (U.S.A). A Toastmasters International (U.S.A) member for the last 17 years, she is also a Distinguished Toastmaster (D.T.M.). In 2020, she launched her customised online personal and professional mentoring program, "The Nankurunaisa Mentoring Program". Seetha is a co-author of the motivational book "Your Dose of Motivation". Published in 2020, she has shared some lessons from her life and attempted to simplify the concept of self-motivation in the book. As a co-author of the motivational book "Women Who Inspire", published in 2021, she has elaborated on the importance of mentors in life and the positive impact that mentors can make in our lives. She also co-authored the 2021 published book of short stories, "Sagas of Destiny", and the same year, co-authored an anthology of poems, "Reverie". She is also a co-author of a recently published book on leadership, “We are Leaders – Expressions & Experiences”. A recipient of Global Training & Development Leadership Award - 2017, Exceptional Women of Excellence Award – 2020, and Iconic Women Creating a Better World for All Award – 2020. She was also a recipient of Exceptional Leader of Excellence Award – 2021 and Outstanding International Guest Speaker of the Year 2021. Seetha was included in "The World Book of Hoinser Queens 2021" as one of the top hundred influential women of 2021. Her training/motivational workshops, programs, and keynote sessions focus on individual development through interactive learning and mutual empowerment. Seetha's training programs and motivational sessions also emphasise inner peace, well-being, and participants' confidence. She has conducted Corporate, Educational, and Social Service & Welfare Training Workshops/Motivational Sessions in U.A.E, India, Seychelles, Canada and the U.K. She has also attended conferences in the U.A.E, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Italy as a Keynote/Motivational Speaker. Seetha has also presented virtual keynote and motivational sessions in conferences conducted in the Netherlands, U.K, Australia, Turkey, Thailand, Malaysia, Spain and France.

Ass. Prof. Rana Dayıoğlu Erul

Assistant Professor, Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University, Ankara, Turkey

Rana Dayıoğlu Erul was born in 1987 in Kütahya (Türkiye). She graduated from Ayrancı High School (2005), Ankara University Faculty of Political Sciences (2009) (undergraduate), Gazi University Institute of Social Sciences (2012) (master’s degree), Gazi University Institute of Social Sciences (2018) (doctor’s degree). After nearly two years of experience in the sector of audit which she started working in 2009, she started working as a research assistant at Gazi University in 2012. After completing her doctor’s degree, she completed her post-doctoral research at the University of Exeter (United Kingdom) in 2019. She has been still working as an Assistant Professor at Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University (Gazi University between 2012-2018 and Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University after 2018).

Dr. Y. Samuel. P. Wesley

Associate Professor and Head of the Department of History at Smt. Chandibai Himathmal Mansukhani College, Ulhasnagar, India

Dr. Y. Samuel. P. Wesley is an Associate Professor and Head of the Department of History at St. Chandibai Himathmal Mansukhani College, Ulhasnagar, India. He is also In Charge of the Foundation Course dealing with Contemporary Issues and the Co-ordinator of the Travel and TourAdd-ond on Course. His doctoral dissertation was titled ‘Pandita Ramabai, Anandibai Joshi and Tarabai Shinde: A Comparative Study’. He is a member of the Global Research Development Services. He has presented papers at various national and international seminars. He has completed three minor research projects dealing with certain facets of theological history in India as well as Gender History. He has been teaching undergraduate and post graduate students and is as a recognized Ph.D Guide as well.

The main aims of the conference are:

  • Advancement of Research and Innovative ideas through conference, workshops, seminars, and publications

  • Fostering a global community based on research and knowledge

  • Fostering innovation and ideas through research-based activities

  • Global dissemination of ideas and research through the use of technology

  • Working towards world peace and community development

Chat Session with Eminent Participants

Chat Session with Eminent Participants

SSHRA is in the process of expanding its knowledge base, to bring together worldwide researchers and professionals, encourage intellectual development, and create opportunities for networking and collaboration. In each, Eurasia International Conference, article, project synopsis, teaching notes, observations are submitted by the international community of Researchers, Practitioners, Students, and Educationists for the development and spread of ideas. The Editorial Review is showcased on the association’s website, newsletter, social media, and upcoming endeavours.

Eurasia Research makes continuous efforts in transforming the lives of people around the world through education, the application of research & innovative ideas. To Promote Young Researchers, Eurasia Research International conferences provide a Young Research Scholarship in the form of a full Registration fee waiver to participate in such events. This gives immense encouragement to the researchers who have brilliant ideas to exhibit their research work on the International platform.


In each, Eurasia International Conference, Best Paper Award is given to Best Researches. In the SSHRA – Social Science and Humanities Research Association, the Best paper award is given to the participants with the best scholarly paper submitted and presented at the conference. Some of the Best Paper is shared below:

Name & Affiliation: Ruken Macit, Sociology Department, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Title: The Drug Dealers’ Worlds

Abstract: This study examines the range of perceptions and attitudes about drugs, drug dealers, and legalization from the dealers’ perspective. It applies the widely influential work of Boltanski and Thévenot’s theory of the six ‘orders of worth’ or ‘worlds’ of justification in order to understand drug dealers. In this research, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 drug dealers who were formerly convicted in Turkey’s Diyarbakır province. Turkey is a key country in the delivery of drugs due to its geographical location. It is believed that the information provided will shed light on drug trafficking from a different perspective. Keywords: Drug, drug dealer, the market world, and Turkey

Name & Affiliation: Rafli Darmawan, Faculty of International Management, Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia

Title: From a Niche Market to Mainstream Media: The Recent Trend of the Anime Industry

Abstract: This research studies the recent trend that is occurring in the anime industry that is consequently changing the social perception towards the fans or the audience of the anime industry since it was leaning more toward negative rather than positive. With a descriptive and qualitative methods to find the answer for the questions that has been raised as well as the objectives that are identified, Depending on secondary data from various media from the Internet and previous research that is similar to this research to describe the phenomena that is contributing to the trend, the research found there are several factors that has an impact and these are: the declining population and low birth-rate of Japan thus forcing the industry to make more appealing content to Western culture and globally subsequently making the distribution more accessible throughout the world, globally known personas such as Elon Musk publicly showing love towards the medium via social media which lessens the negative stereotype that is present, well-known fashion and shoe brands collaborating with shows from the medium such as Coach, Jordan, and Asics as well as the Fortnite video game collaborating with Naruto, local small and medium enterprises dedicating their brand towards the medium creating an unofficial merchandise store. In short, the medium is in this position because of its passionate and dedicated fans. Keywords: Anime, stereotype, niche market, mainstream media.

Name & Affiliation: Artemis Latifya, School of Business and Management, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jakarta, Indonesia

Title: The Effectiveness of Content Creation on Instagram towards Audience Engagement for Generation Z

Abstract: Technological progress within the digital world has continuously provided developments toward the types of activities individuals engage in. One of the most frequent uses of the internet is the utilization of social media among the younger generation, preferably Generation Z. Known for being the generation that grew up with the enhancements of digital platforms, these generations are the most active users of social media by a high percentage. With the frequent use of social media, many individuals, companies, and organizations have started to build their online presence as a means to reach a broader market. With an online presence, these users have high regard for producing content for their audience. The research is focused on the effectiveness of content towards the overall engagement rates of a particular account with reliable data to foresee these results. With that, the research aims to know the criteria that the audience looks at regarding content. The overall quality can impact the way the audience perceives a brand based on the content that's published for the public. Better content quality can be a convenience for the betterment of the customer experience within the platform. Additionally, a standard within the community on how to utilize the information obtained from contents and its impact will be utilized. This means that content creators should hold their jobs in high regard, as their job can have a major impact on the way the audience perceives certain things.

Name & Affiliation: Doaa Aldihaymawee, Department of English Language, College of Education, The Islamic University, Najaf, Iraq

Title: Victims or Terrorists? A Critical Analysis of Western Media Discourse in the Depiction of Iraqi Refugees

Abstract: Throughout a long and troubled past Iraq has faced many dogmatic, circumspect, and social plights. Serious problems arising as a cause of these plights have caused many of the population to seek sanctuary and protection in other countries. As a result of this, the increase of refugees now inhabiting Eastern and Western countries becomes a focal point of the media. The way these refugees are depicted and perceived by the public as terrorists or victims in the host and non-host countries is heavily influenced by media reports and as such, they have a crucial role to play. The aim of this paper is to highlight the most significant linguistic choices coupled with the ideological point of view of the participants. To achieve this, the researcher analyses British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) news reports employing critical discourse analysis. Accordingly, the researcher employs Wodak's (2001; 2009) discourse-historical approach and van Leeuwen's (2008) sociological categories of actor representation approach. Key Words: BBC Online News reports, Critical discourse analysis, Refugees, Representation, and Ideology.

Name & Affiliation: Noe Mojica, Social Work Department, Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago, United States

Title: Coping in the Midst of A Pandemic: COVID-19 and Its Impact on Social Work Students

Abstract: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, universities across the world have made rapid adjustments to the delivery of instruction. Many schools have transitioned to online and remote learning. Research is still emerging concerning the student and faculty experience during this transition and the impact of the pandemic on academic and home life. Students enrolled at Hispanic Serving Institutions and Minority Serving Institutions (HSI and MSI respectively), have endured the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. The present study examined the needs, challenges, and adjustments that social work students faced since the pandemic began. This data is part of a preliminary report focusing on minoritized groups in an urban academic setting. The research explores the individual and collective trauma these communities endure and how these issues impact students’ already substantial mental health concerns and inequalities therein at a time in which they are completing academic work and coping with additional personal responsibilities. The goal is to utilize the findings to highlight the needs of students during a time of crisis (the pandemic). The study provides recommendations for improving the remote teaching and learning experience during the pandemic. The knowledge gained from this project seeks to improve the teaching and learning experience for students and instructors. It will also help to more fully understand the impact of the pandemic on multiple realms of student life. Keywords: COVID-19, coping, learning, social work, technology, urban, students

Name & Affiliation: Yulia Kryvenko, Social Work Department, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Turkey

Title: A Case Study: Effects of EMDR Therapy on a Client with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Abstract: The impact on the mental health of the civilian population is one of the most significant consequences of war. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is marked by excessive, exaggerated anxiety and worry about everyday life events, it is being treated by some with Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). In this study, the effects of an EMDR session on a patient with GAD were analyzed. Case O.K. (37) had lived with her family in a metropolitan city in Ukraine until her hometown was stricken by Russian airstrikes, unexpectedly. Then, she had to flee her home and move to Turkey in search of safety. The client had complaints such as feeling anxious, not being safe, having interrupted sleep, and having constant worry about everyday life events. EMDR therapy was applied to dysfunctional beliefs. After one session of EMDR, her mood improved, her ruminations declined and became hopeful for the future. In this case, even one session of EMDR had remarkable improvements proving that it can be one treatment method for GAD. Keywords: Eye Movement Desensitization, Reprocessing, Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

Name & Affiliation: Aishah Tamby Omar, Centre for the Promotion of Knowledge and Language Learning, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Title: A Model of Tie Strength in Philanthropy: The Case of Poor Student Recipient and Zakat Institution

Abstract: The strength of zakat recipient and zakat institution ties is vital to understanding recipient commitment formation. This study conceptualizes three dimensions of tie strength from the social tie strength literature and examines their effects on the zakat recipient commitment and the impact of recipient commitment on recipient behavior. A survey technique was used to collect data from a poor student in a rural area who received a zakat fund. One hundred forty-nine usable responses were received. Smart PLS 3.2.7 was used to validate the research model and test the proposed research hypotheses. The findings show that tie strength (reciprocal services, mutual confiding, and emotional intensity) are positively related to recipient commitment to the zakat institution. Also, the results show that recipient commitment is positively related to recipient behavior. Theoretically, this research has reinforced the understanding of poor zakat recipient behavioral and emotional aspects of ties on recipient commitment. Finally, this study suggests that zakat institutions develop strong behavioral and emotional ties with zakat recipients in their relationship socio-economy strategy. Keywords: philanthropy, poor, social tie, zakat

Name & Affiliation: Theresa Schilling, Ph.D. Candidate, School of Social Policy, Social Work and Social Justice, University College Dublin, Ireland

Title: ‘Is That Really Me?’: Irish Trans Masculine Individuals’ Engagement with Offline Media Representations of Trans Identity

Abstract: This paper explores how trans masculine people living in Ireland perceive and engage with representations of trans identity in different outlets of popular offline media. Previous research on representations of trans identity in media has focused primarily on the analysis of texts that include representations of trans identities, and their potential for disrupting normative understandings of gender. This research aims to create a broader understanding of the experiences of individual trans masculine people in Ireland through their engagement with offline media representations of trans identity, as well as the impact that this content has on their senses of identity and expressions of masculinity. Drawing on qualitative interview data with seven Irish transmasculine individuals, this study investigates these participants’ perceptions of offline media representations of trans people as predominantly inadequate and offensive, while investigating the meaningful ways they have been able to engage with limited nuanced representations. Placed within the sociopolitical context of Ireland, this paper explores the tension these participants described between popular narratives of normative binary trans identities and gender-non-conforming trans identities, and suggests that negative offline media representations of trans identities are distressing to these individuals, while positive representations can be used as sites of self-reflection and initiating dialogue with cisgender people. The majority of participants agreed that trans representation in offline media plays an influential role in shaping individual experiences and expressions of trans masculinity, and expressed a wish for more accurate trans representation in Irish and international offline media. This study serves as a foundation for future research around trans masculine people’s experiences with media representations of trans identity and masculinity, and the role of popular media in the lives of trans individuals. Keywords: Trans Masculinities; Transgender; Media; Representation; Ireland

Name & Affiliation: Janielle Villamera, Faculty of Arts and Letters, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

Title: Political Gaslighting Of Trolls Under The Duterte Regime

Abstract: When communication in social media platforms is used as a means of political control, it allows for a culture of truth manipulation and historical distortion to exist. The creation of troll armies as part of the government's operations in countering critics and dissidents alike was to engage them in futile discourses. Composed of digital influencers, fake accounts, and algorithmic bots, their goal is to seemingly inflate Duterte’s supporters, while also practicing a messianic culture in public opinion. Examining the psyche of online political trolls during the Duterte regime, this study explores how disinformation campaigns thrived through the social phenomenon of political gaslighting. Danah Boyd’s concept of “attention hacking” elaborated on how trolling is used as psychological warfare against information in digital media spaces. Through a psychological approach, this study discusses the culture of influence, and how trolls have the power to manipulate narratives to a convincing degree, which eventually translates to additional voter support. Rather than showing the large comprehensive network of trolling, this study contributes to the moral particularities and justifications that understand the developments of their interpersonal relationships as online political trolls. As the strategies of political deception in populism continues to advance, the troll presence and impact welcomed a wide support base of Duterte that carried over after his regime, which argues trolling as propaganda used as a response to arguments and grievances, as well as to form beliefs, sentiments, and opinions.

Name & Affiliation: Mara Mațcu, Doctoral School of Economics and Business Administration, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, Romania

Title: How to tackle informal purchases mediated through digital labor platforms?

Abstract: Digital labor platforms have brought many benefits to the labor market, but they are also thought to mediate undeclared transactions between providers and consumers, thus facilitating the rise of an informal economy. Until now, the relationship between these platforms and the informal economy was only explored from a supply-side perspective (with a focus on providers). To fill the gap in the scientific literature, this is the first paper aiming to explore consumers making undeclared purchases via digital platforms and what policies could discourage them to do so. The results of our survey conducted in Romania (n=1209) showed that 33% of respondents had purchased services from the informal economy and 36% of these purchases had been bought via digital platforms. The profile of consumers making undeclared purchases through such platforms along with the sectors where they do so more often is discussed. Explanations for consumers’ behaviors and suggestions for policies to tackle these practices were also discussed, based on two theories: the rational economic actor theory and the social actor theory. Logistic regression reveals that informal purchases could decrease with increased horizontal trust (i.e., trust in businesses not doing undeclared transactions), level of perceived sanctions, and risk detection. Even if many policies aiming to reduce informal economy purchases rely on the rational actor theory, our results support a holistic approach, using both the rational economic actor approach and the social actor approach.

PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences is open access, peer-reviewed, and refereed journal. The main objective of ‘People’ is to provide an intellectual platform for international researchers. ‘People’ aims to promote interdisciplinary studies in humanities and social science and become the leading journal in humanities and social science in the world. This journal is dedicated to the miracle called ‘Society’ that powers all types of civilizations and is fueled by the spirit of survival and co-existence.

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